In Chile’s tumultuous recent history, it is tempting to fast-forward through the 1980s. They seem like a gray and forgettable interlude between two decades marked by dramatic events and iconic figures. During the 1970s, Salvador Allende’s ballot-box-driven socialist revolution was ended by Gen. Augusto Pinochet, who led the country into a period of brutal political repression and economic reforms served up without anesthesia. In the 1990s, an equally dramatic shift thrust into power the soothing centrist Patricio Aylwin. Moderate socialists Ricardo Lagos and Michelle Bachelet completed the healing process of a divided nation.
But as Steve Reifenberg demonstrates in Santiago’s Children: What I Learned about Life at an Orphanage in Chile, the 1980s were crucial to the country’s eventual regeneration. He seems an unlikely witness. In his early 20s, Reifenberg knew little about the country when he quit a high school teaching job in Cañon City, Colorado. Much to the chagrin of his parents, he left a comfortable middle-class life in the U.S. in 1982 to spend a year as a volunteer in an orphanage. He found himself in the gritty working-class neighborhood of La Granja in south Santiago, sleeping in a shed converted into a bedroom. As he struggled with a new language and overcoming cross-cultural obstacles like finding size-12 shoes, Reifenberg began a youthful voyage of self-discovery. It turned into a unique ground-level perspective on a country that was sowing the seeds of its own recovery.
At the time, Chile was still in the throes of the Pinochet era. A deep economic depression had set in. A succession of strikes challenged the security apparatus as the military rulers pressed ahead with their campaign to stamp out what they considered the last vestiges of Marxism. Reifenberg looks beyond these developments to a place of innocence and hope inhabited by its happy protagonists, the children of the foster home Hogar Domingo Savio…
Tags: Pablo Bachelet, Santiago's Children, Santiago's Children:What I Learned about Life at an Orphanage in Chile, Steve Reifenberg