Politics, Business & Culture in the Americas

Endnotes: Do Brazil’s Capabilities Match Its Global Ambitions?

Below are the endnotes from “Do Brazil’s Capabilities Match Its Global Ambitions?” by Harold Trinkunas (Winter 2015 AQ.)

1 Andrew F. Hart and Bruce D. Jones, “How Do Rising Powers Rise?,” Survival 52, no. 6 (December 2010): 63–88, doi:10.1080/00396338.2010.540783.

2 Data for 2012 are drawn from Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) statistics http://www.sipri.org/research/armaments/milex/milex_database/copy_of_sources_methods

3 Hart and Jones, “How Do Rising Powers Rise?,” 68.

4  S. Tamer Cavusgil and Ilke Kardes, “Brazil: Rapid Development, Internationalization, and Middle Class Formation,” Revista Eletrônica de Negócios Internacionais 8, no. 1 (2013): 1–16.

5 Seth Colby, Explaining the BNDES: What It Is, What It Does and How It Works, CEBRI Artigos (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Centro Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais, 2012).

6 Peter Dauvergne and Déborah BL Farias, “The Rise of Brazil as a Global Development Power,” Third World Quarterly 33, no. 5 (June 2012): 903–917, doi:10.1080/01436597.2012.674704.

7 Jonathan McClory, The New Persuaders III: A 2012 Ranking of Soft Power (London: Institute for Government, 2012). According to the study, it is based on “a broad set of statistical metrics and subjective data (50 metrics in total), comparing countries according to the quality of their government; diplomatic infrastructure; cultural output; capacity for education; and their appeal to business. The data is normalised, grouped into sub-indices, and calculated using our composite index formula to arrive at a single score for each country included in the study.”

8 Andrew Hurrell, “Brazil and the New Global Order,” Current History 109, no. 724 (February 2010): 60–66. 

9 Lourdes Casanova and Julian Kassum, From Soft to Hard Power: In Search of Brazil’s Winning Blend, Faculty & Research Working Paper (INSEAD, 2013); Andreia Soares e Castro, “2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Olympic Games: Brazil’s Strategy ‘To Win Hearts and Minds’ Through Sports and Football,” Public Diplomacy, Winter 2013, 28–35.

10 Celso Lafer, “Brazilian International Identity and Foreign Policy: Past, Present, and Future,” Daedalus 129, no. 2 (2000): 207–38.

11 Luigi Manzetti, “The Political Economy of MERCOSUR,” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 35, no. 4 (1993): 101–141; Arturo C. Sotomayor Velázquez, “Civil-Military Affairs and Security Institutions in the Southern Cone: The Sources of Argentine-Brazilian Nuclear Cooperation,” Latin American Politics and Society 46, no. 4 (Winter 2004): 29–60.

12 José Antonio Sanahuja, “Multilateralismo Y Regionalismo En Clave Suramericana: El Caso de UNASUR,” Pensamiento Propio 33, Los Desafíos Del Multilateralismo En América Latina (June 2011): 115–158.

13 Hart and Jones, “How Do Rising Powers Rise?”

14 Sean W. Burges, “Strategies and Tactics for Global Change: Democratic Brazil in Comparative Perspective,” Global Society 26, no. 3 (July 2012): 351–368, doi:10.1080/13600826.2012.682272.

15 Daniel Flemes and Thorsten Wojczewski, “Contested Leadership in Comparative Perspective: Power Strategies in South Asia and South America,” Asian Journal of Latin American Studies 24, no. 1 (2011): 1–27.

16 Andrés Malamud, “A Leader without Followers? The Growing Divergence between the Regional and Global Performance of Brazilian Foreign Policy,” Latin American Politics and Society 53, no. 3 (2011): 1–24; Amaury de Souza, Brazil’s International Agenda Revisited: Perceptions of the Brazilian Foreign Policy Community (Centro Brasileiro de Relações Internacionais, 2008).

17 Andrew F. Cooper, “The G20 as an Improvised Crisis Committee And/or a Contested ‘steering Committee’ for the World,” International Affairs 86, no. 3 (2010): 741–757; Ngaire Woods, “Global Governance after the Financial Crisis: A New Multilateralism or the Last Gasp of the Great Powers?” Global Policy 1, no. 1 (2010): 51–63.

18 Amado Luiz Cervo, “Brazil’s Rise on the International Scene: Brazil and the World,” Revista Brasileira de Política Internacional 53, no. SPE (2010): 7–32.

19 Alcides Costa Vaz, Brazilian Perspectives on the Changing Global Order and Security Challenges, CEPS Working Document (Brussels: Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), February 2013).

20 “Speak Softly and Carry a Blank Check,” The Economist, July 15, 2010, http://www.economist.com/node/16592455; Global Humanitarian Assistance, Global Humanitarian Assistance Report 2013 (Bristol, UK: Development Initiatives, 2013).

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